Whatever menu you get your hands on, you are bound to run into names like Mocha, Latte, Decaf, Espresso… Coffee can be prepared in a variety of ways to suit anyone’s taste. Therefore, discovering what you like the most can prove to be a bit difficult since there are so many options. So, before you head for a café, make your choice a little easier by learning more about what is offered to you.
This coffee has a truly distinctive taste, especially because it is generally prepared without milk or sugar. To brew black coffee, you need coffee beans that are first roasted, and then ground into fine powder. Ultimately, hot water is poured over the powder.
There are dozens of coffee varieties out there, but the most well-known two are Arabica and Robusta. They differ in taste, caffeine levels and price. Because it contains more caffeine than Arabica, Robusta is more bitter, so a lot of people prefer Arabica since it is friendlier to the palate. Arabica tends to be more expensive than Robusta, as it is of higher quality and its cultivation is more demanding.
This kind of coffee is quite different from black coffee. It is served as a “shot” in a smaller cup because of its very strong taste, thickness, as well as higher caffeine content. It is also used as a foundation for other kinds of coffee. There’s short espresso, which implies a single shot in a cup, and double espresso – two shots in a cup.
A macchiato is a slightly milder version of espresso. A bit of steamed milk and foam is added to a single or double shot of espresso to reduce the persistent espresso taste. For those who enjoy stronger coffee, there’s the famous ristretto, prepared with even less water than a regular shot of espresso, but with the same amount of coffee.
If you order a flat white, you’ve asked for the Australian variation of espresso. This delicious beverage is made by carefully adding milk steamed to microfoam to a (double) shot of espresso. Flat white coffee is extremely popular among the baristas Down Under. There are some really fantastic coffee suppliers in Melbourne and their coffee makes the perfect cup of this delicious brew.
A latte, though similar to flat white coffee, is usually bigger and milder. Steamed milk is added to a shot of espresso, and is then topped off with microfoam. The additional milk in the drink hides the taste of coffee, so it is not as noticeable as in a flat white.
A somewhat stronger espresso-based drink is a cappuccino, which is typically prepared with one espresso shot, steamed milk, and foam on top. The taste of coffee is more prominent here than in a latte due to the smaller amount of milk.
If you’re in the mood for something sweeter, there’s the mocha. It is also espresso-based, but much sweeter than other kinds of coffee since it is made with steamed milk, chocolate or chocolate syrup, and whipped cream.
In case you’re looking for a coffee-flavored refreshment and dessert all in one, you can also go for an affogato – vanilla ice-cream topped with espresso shots.
Cold brew coffee
The name may be slightly misleading – cold brew does not mean that this coffee is made with ice. In this case, ground coffee beans are steeped in water, but at lower temperatures, and left to brew for twelve to twenty-four hours. The ground substance is then removed from the high-concentration liquid which is finally mixed with milk, water, or other ingredients to soften the taste and turn it into a delightful beverage.
Caffeinated and decaf(feinated) coffee
For various reasons, people often prefer having this bare necessity without the energizing, wakening effect it produces thanks to caffeine. That is why you can often encounter different decaf kinds of coffee – coffee from which most of the caffeine has been removed.
The world of coffee is constantly growing, so keep yourself posted on its innovations and trends to ensure yourself a most fulfilling coffee-drinking experience.
Roxana is a travel enthusiast and lifestyle consultant from Sydney and she loves to write about her adventures. She is all about the healthy lifestyle, loves to run with her husband and dogs and has fun cooking exotic meals for her family. Being a typical Aussie, she often hits the waves and loves beaches and sunshine! You can find out more about her writing following her on twitter and facebook. She is also one of the editors at Higstylife Magazine.