Wisdom teeth removal surgery can prevent future dental issues, including pain, swelling and crowding. Furthermore, it will protect other teeth against damage.
An easy extraction usually can be completed under local anesthesia in minutes, while more complex extractions require surgery with general anesthesia.
What are wisdom teeth?
Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, develop at the back of your mouth and typically come through (erupt) in late teens or twenties; however, some never fully emerge and remain stuck (or “impacted”) beneath gum tissue or jaw bone causing difficulty cleaning them and leading to infection; they may also crowd and damage other nearby teeth.
Dentists and oral surgeons recommend having wisdom teeth extracted early, to avoid future issues. This process is often easier for younger patients as their roots and bone structures have yet to fully form. Common complications from wisdom tooth removal may include pain after local anesthetic wears off as well as dry socket, an uncomfortable condition which occurs when blood clots that form within empty tooth sockets dislodge too quickly and cause severe pain in the surrounding tissue.
Why wisdom teeth removal?
Wisdom teeth removal in Newmarket is typically necessary because they often come in at an angle and become impacted, making them difficult to clean and leaving behind food debris and bacteria that can cause infections and cysts.
Impacted third molars can be difficult to reach with regular toothbrushing, leading to misalignments of other teeth as well as problems that require extensive orthodontic care.
Preventing complications by extracting wisdom teeth before they erupt can save time, money, pain, and inconvenience in the long run. Making the decision to extract your wisdom teeth should be made individually with assistance from an expert who can assess your individual situation and offer tailored advice.
Wisdom teeth removal risks and benefits
To reduce complications, it is advisable to schedule surgery prior to wisdom tooth eruption. Fully-impacted molars may grow in at an obnoxious angle or get lodged between jawbone and gum tissue and may even get trapped there.
Impacted wisdom teeth can be difficult to reach with floss and brush, increasing their susceptibility to bacteria which leads to tooth decay and gum disease, while also raising the risk of cysts and tumors in these molars.
Undergoing any type of surgical procedure carries risks, but oral surgeons take special measures to limit those risks when performing wisdom teeth extraction. You can help decrease your risks by not smoking, drinking from straws, or spitting after the procedure as this disturbs healing and leads to dry sockets.
How to prepare for wisdom teeth removal surgery
To avoid serious complications like infection or nerve damage, the best thing a person can do to prepare for surgery is follow their oral surgeon’s advice about prepping. For instance, they should plan a few days off work/school and arrange transportation home as they will likely feel groggy after their procedure.
They should begin prepping their mouth for surgery by brushing and flossing both night before and morning of their procedure, and by avoiding anything hard, crunchy, or spicy such as hard candies, chips, nuts or spicy foods.
Once they arrive at an oral surgeon’s office, they will be taken directly into a surgical suite where an oral surgeon will discuss and confirm with his or her clinical team their treatment plan before administering intravenous sedative and analgesic drugs that induce sleep.
Post-wisdom teeth removal surgery and recovery
After administering either general or local anesthetic, your surgeon will proceed with extracting any impacted wisdom teeth.
Once surgery has concluded, you will be taken to a recovery room so your condition can be monitored until its effects wear off.
As blood clots form over the wound and start healing, swelling will gradually subside over the following two days. Ibuprofen medication can also help ease pain associated with this process.
As part of your dental procedure, it is crucial that you bite softly onto the gauze pad your dentist provides to clot blood at the extraction site and change it regularly. Smoking or engaging in vigorous physical exercise could increase bleeding and disrupt clotting mechanisms.